ERIC Number: EJ1075321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
Strategies for Analyzing Tone Languages
Coupe, Alexander R.
Language Documentation & Conservation, v8 p462-489 2014
This paper outlines a method of auditory and acoustic analysis for determining the tonemes of a language starting from scratch, drawing on the author's experience of recording and analyzing tone languages of north-east India. The methodology is applied to a preliminary analysis of tone in the Thang dialect of Khiamniungan, a virtually undocumented language of extreme eastern Nagaland and adjacent areas of the Sagaing Division Myanmar (Burma). Following a discussion of strategies for ensuring that data appropriate for tonal analysis will be recorded, the practical demonstration begins with a description of how tone categories can be established according to their syllable type in the preliminary auditory analysis. The paper then uses this data to describe a method of acoustic analysis that ultimately permits the representation of pitch shapes as a function of absolute mean duration. The analysis of grammatical tones, floating tones and tone sandhi are exemplified with Mongsen Ao data, and a description of a perception test demonstrates how this can be used to corroborate the auditory and acoustic analysis of a tone system.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tone Languages, Dialects, Dialect Studies, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Sino Tibetan Languages, Intonation, Acoustics, Auditory Perception, Syllables, Grammar, Auditory Tests, Audio Equipment, Word Lists, Morphophonemics, Evaluation Methods, Perception Tests
National Foreign Language Resources Center at University of Hawaii. Department of Linguistics, UHM Moore Hall 569, 1890 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822. Fax: 808-956-9166; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/ldc/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Burma; India