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ERIC Number: EJ1075260
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Further Understanding of Complex Information Processing in Verbal Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Williams, Diane L.; Minshew, Nancy J.; Goldstein, Gerald
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v19 n7 p859-867 Oct 2015
More than 20?years ago, Minshew and colleagues proposed the Complex Information Processing model of autism in which the impairment is characterized as a generalized deficit involving multiple modalities and cognitive domains that depend on distributed cortical systems responsible for higher order abilities. Subsequent behavioral work revealed a related dissociation between concept formation and concept identification in autism suggesting the lack of an underlying organizational structure to manage increases in processing loads. The results of a recent study supported the impact of this relative weakness in conceptual reasoning on adaptive functioning in children and adults with autism. In this study, we provide further evidence of the difficulty relatively able older adolescents and adults with autism have with conceptual reasoning and provide evidence that this characterizes their difference from age- and ability-matched controls with typical development better than their differences in language. For verbal adults with autism, language may serve as a bootstrap or compensatory mechanism for learning but cannot overcome an inherent weakness in concept formation that makes information processing challenging as task demands increase.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Continuous Performance Test; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Trail Making Test; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; Wide Range Achievement Test; Wisconsin Card Sorting Test; Woodcock Reading Mastery Test
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: NS3335|HD35469