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ERIC Number: EJ1075040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0034-0553
Developmental, Component-Based Model of Reading Fluency: An Investigation of Predictors of Word-Reading Fluency, Text-Reading Fluency, and Reading Comprehension
Kim, Young-Suk Grace
Reading Research Quarterly, v50 n4 p459-481 Oct-Dec 2015
The primary goal was to expand our understanding of text-reading fluency (efficiency or automaticity): how its relation to other constructs (e.g., word-reading fluency, reading comprehension) changes over time and how it is different from word-reading fluency and reading comprehension. The study examined (a) developmentally changing relations among word-reading fluency, listening comprehension, text-reading fluency, and reading comprehension; (b) the relation of reading comprehension to text-reading fluency; (c) unique emergent literacy predictors (i.e., phonological awareness, orthographic awareness, morphological awareness, letter name knowledge, vocabulary) of text-reading fluency versus word-reading fluency; and (d) unique language and cognitive predictors (e.g., vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, theory of mind) of text-reading fluency versus reading comprehension. These questions were addressed using longitudinal data (two timepoints; mean age = 5 years 2 months and 6 years 1 month, respectively) from young Korean-speaking children (N = 143). Results showed that listening comprehension was related to text-reading fluency at time 2 but not at time 1. At both times, text-reading fluency was related to reading comprehension, and reading comprehension was related to text-reading fluency over and above word-reading fluency and listening comprehension. Orthographic awareness was related to text-reading fluency over and above other emergent literacy skills and word-reading fluency. Vocabulary and grammatical knowledge were independently related to text-reading fluency and reading comprehension, whereas theory of mind was related to reading comprehension but not text-reading fluency. These results reveal the developmental nature of relations and mechanisms of text-reading fluency in reading development.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A120147; P50 HD052120