ERIC Number: EJ1074995
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Understand Cervical Cancer Screening among Latinas
Roncancio, Angelica M.; Ward, Kristy K.; Sanchez, Ingrid A.; Cano, Miguel A.; Byrd, Theresa L.; Vernon, Sally W.; Fernandez-Esquer, Maria Eugenia; Fernandez, Maria E.
Health Education & Behavior, v42 n5 p621-626 Oct 2015
To reduce the high incidence of cervical cancer among Latinas in the United States it is important to understand factors that predict screening behavior. The aim of this study was to test the utility of theory of planned behavior in predicting cervical cancer screening among a group of Latinas. A sample of Latinas (N = 614) completed a baseline survey about Pap test attitudes subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention to be screened for cervical cancer. At 6 months postbaseline, cervical cancer screening behavior was assessed. Structural equation modeling was used to test the theory. Model fit statistics indicated good model fit: ?[superscript 2](48) = 54.32, p = 0.246; comparative fit index = 0.992; root mean square error of approximation = 0.015; weighted root mean square residual = 0.687. Subjective norms (p = 0.005) and perceived behavioral control (p < 0.0001) were positively associated with intention to be screened for cervical cancer, and the intention to be screened predicted actual cervical cancer screening (p < 0.0001). The proportion of variance (R[superscript 2]) in intention accounted for by the predictors was 0.276 and the R[superscript 2] in cervical cancer screening accounted for was 0.130. This study provides support for the use of the theory of planned behavior in predicting cervical cancer screening among Latinas. This knowledge can be used to inform the development of a theory of planned behavior-based intervention to increase cervical cancer screening among Latinas and reduce the high incidence of cervical cancer in this group of women.
Descriptors: Cancer, Screening Tests, Incidence, Hispanic Americans, Predictor Variables, Predictive Validity, Health Behavior, Intention, Structural Equation Models, Behavior Theories, Goodness of Fit, Error of Measurement, Prevention, Intervention, Self Management, Attitude Measures, Likert Scales, Program Effectiveness, Attribution Theory, Females, Item Analysis, Followup Studies, Focus Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Basic Education
Sponsor: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS); National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas; Washington
Grant or Contract Numbers: U48-DP000057; 1K01CA181437; U54CA153505; R25T CA57730; R25 DA026401