ERIC Number: EJ1074562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Readjustment of Urban Veterans: A Mental Health and Substance Use Profile of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans in Higher Education
Aikins, Ross D.; Golub, Andrew; Bennett, Alexander S.
Journal of American College Health, v63 n7 p482-494 2015
Objective: To identify the prevalence of substance use and mental health problems among veterans and student service members/veterans (SSM/V) returning from Iraq and Afghanistan to New York City's low-income neighborhoods. Participants: A sample of 122 veterans attending college and 116 veterans not enrolled recruited using respondent-driven sampling. Methods: Logistic regression analysis of variation in characteristics of those veterans attending college; linear regression examining effects of college attendance on life satisfaction. Results: Having a traumatic brain injury or disability was positively associated with college attendance. Being married, employed, or in college was predictive of overall life satisfaction. SSM/V were significantly less likely to screen positive for depression or drug use disorder. African American veterans were significantly less likely to attend college than white or Hispanic veterans. Conclusion: Substance use and some mental health disorders do not preclude inner-city veterans from entering higher education. This study contributes to the sparse literature on African American veterans and SSM/V.
Descriptors: Incidence, Substance Abuse, Mental Disorders, Veterans, Military Personnel, Low Income Groups, College Students, Regression (Statistics), College Attendance, Life Satisfaction, Head Injuries, Disabilities, Marital Status, Employment Level, Predictor Variables, Depression (Psychology), Drug Abuse, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Urban Areas, Barriers, Veterans Education, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Alcohol Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Check Lists, Suicide, Psychological Patterns, Interaction, Statistical Analysis, Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Adult Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 AA020178