ERIC Number: EJ1074395
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Brief Report: The Impact of Changing from DSM-IV "Asperger's" to DSM-5 "Autistic Spectrum Disorder" Diagnostic Labels on Stigma and Treatment Attitudes
Ohan, Jeneva L.; Ellefson, Sarah E.; Corrigan, Patrick W.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n10 p3384-3389 Oct 2015
In the DSM-5, "Asperger's Disorder" was incorporated into "Autistic Spectrum Disorder" (ASD). One key concern in this change has been that the ASD label will increase negative attitudes relative to the Asperger's label. To test this, we asked 465 American adults to read a vignette describing a child with autistic symptoms that included an ASD label, an Asperger's label, or no label, and rate their stigma and treatment attitudes (help-seeking and perceived effectiveness). Contrary to predictions, label did not impact stigma. Label did impact treatment attitudes, with greater help-seeking and perceived treatment effectiveness for both Asperger's and ASD labels. In sum, concern that the ASD label will increase negative perceptions, at least amongst the general public, is not supported.
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Vignettes, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Labeling (of Persons), Attitude Measures, Help Seeking, Program Effectiveness, Social Bias, Intervention, Negative Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A