ERIC Number: EJ1074390
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Brief Report: Generalization Weaknesses in Verbally Fluent Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
de Marchena, Ashley B.; Eigsti, Inge-Marie; Yerys, Benjamin E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n10 p3370-3376 Oct 2015
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty generalizing--i.e., relating new stimuli to past experiences. Few experimental studies have addressed this weakness, despite its impact on intervention effects. In a reanalysis of data (de Marchena et al. "Cognition" 119(1):96-113, 2011), we tested a novel form of generalization--the ability to transfer a strategy used in one context to a similar context--in verbally fluent youth with ASD and matched typically developing controls. Participants with ASD were subtly less likely to learn from experience; their generalizations were less consistent. Generalization in ASD correlated with receptive vocabulary but not age, suggesting a link to language development. A richer understanding of how to promote generalization in ASD will advance both theory and practice.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Generalization, Comparative Analysis, Experience, Correlation, Receptive Language, Age Differences, Language Skills, Language Acquisition, Language Fluency
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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