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ERIC Number: EJ1074275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1871-1502
Mapping the Entangled Ontology of Science Teachers' Lived Experience
Daugbjerg, Peer S.; de Freitas, Elizabeth; Valero, Paola
Cultural Studies of Science Education, v10 n3 p777-801 Sep 2015
In this paper we investigate how the bodily activity of teaching, along with the embodied aspect of lived experience, relates to science teachers' ways of dealing with bodies as living organisms which are both the subject matter as well as the site or vehicle of learning. More precisely, the following questions are pursued: (1) "In what ways do primary science teachers refer to the lived and living body in teaching and learning?" (2) "In what ways do primary science teachers tap into past experiences in which the body figured prominently in order to teach students about living organisms?" We draw on the relational ontology and intra-action of Karen Barad ("J Women Cult Soc" 28(3): 801, 2003) as she argues for a "relational ontology" that sees a relation as a dynamic flowing entanglement of a matter and meaning. We combine this with the materialist phenomenological studies of embodiment by SungWon Hwang and Wolff-Michael Roth ("Scientific and mathematical bodies," Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2011), as they address how the teachers and students are present in the classroom with/in their "living and lived bodies". Our aim is to use theoretical insights from these two different but complementary approaches to map the embodiment of teachers' experiences and actions. We build our understanding of experience on the work of John Dewey ("Experience and education," Simon & Schuster, New York, 1938) and also Jean Clandinin and Michael Connelly ("Handbook of qualitative research," Sage Publications, California, 2000), leading us to propose three dimensions: settings, relations and continuity. This means that bodies and settings are mutually entailed in the present relation, and furthermore that the past as well as the present of these bodies and settings--their continuity--is also part of the present relation. We analyse the entanglement of lived experience and embodied teaching using these three proposed dimensions of experience. Analysing interviews and observations of three Danish primary science teachers--Erik, Jane and Tina--, we look for how their self-reported lived experiences become entangled with their content knowledge and their classroom practice. We examine this entanglement in the data collected from the three teachers. In the three teachers stories the proposed dimensions of experience shift in prominence. We focus on Erik's reflections on his teaching experience as well as his bodily gestures in teaching biological concepts and explanations to the pupils in a classical classroom setting. We discuss how Jane embodies and enacts her own childhood relations to nature and natural phenomena, recent in-service training, teaching experience and continued enthusiastic relation to nature and natural phenomenon. We also discuss how Tina exhibits a continued entanglement of past ethical experience and present embodiment of dedication to do good for others. By carefully attending to the entanglement of the three dimensions--continuity, relation and setting--, we hope to offer insight into the complex ways in which the body factors into science teaching practices.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Denmark
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A