ERIC Number: EJ1074156
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Risk and Protective Factors in Gifted Children with Dyslexia
van Viersen, Sietske; de Bree, Elise H.; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Slot, Esther M.; de Jong, Peter F.
Annals of Dyslexia, v65 n3 p178-198 Oct 2015
This study investigated risk and protective factors associated with dyslexia and literacy development, both at the group and individual level, to gain more insight in underlying cognitive profiles and possibilities for compensation in high-IQ children. A sample of 73 Dutch primary school children included a dyslexic group, a gifted-dyslexic group, and a borderline-dyslexic group (i.e., gifted children with relative literacy problems). Children were assessed on literacy, phonology, language, and working memory. Competing hypotheses were formulated, comparing the core-deficit view to the twice-exceptionality view on compensation with giftedness-related strengths. The results showed no indication of compensation of dyslexia-related deficits by giftedness-related strengths in gifted children with dyslexia. The higher literacy levels of borderline children compared to gifted children with dyslexia seemed the result of both fewer combinations of risk factors and less severe phonological deficits in this group. There was no evidence for compensation by specific strengths more relevant to literacy development in the borderline group. Accordingly, the findings largely supported the core-deficit view, whereas no evidence for the twice-exceptionality view was found. Besides practical implications, the findings also add to knowledge about the different manifestations of dyslexia and associated underlying cognitive factors at the higher end of the intelligence spectrum.
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Resilience (Psychology), Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Academically Gifted, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Phonology, Language Skills, Short Term Memory, Hypothesis Testing, Comorbidity, Coping, Comparative Analysis, Severity (of Disability)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands