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ERIC Number: EJ1074004
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-189X
Science Achievement Gaps by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Elementary and Middle School: Trends and Predictors
Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North
Educational Researcher, v44 n6 p336-346 Aug-Sep 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years, the Hispanic-White gap narrows (-0.85 to -0.65 SD), and the Asian-White Grade 3 gap (-0.31 SD) closes by Grade 8. The female-male Grade 3 gap (-0.23 SD) may narrow slightly by eighth grade. Accounting for prior math and reading achievement, socioeconomic status, and classroom fixed effects, Grade 8 racial/ethnic gaps are not statistically significant. The Grade 8 science gender gap disappears after controlling for prior math achievement.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey; National Assessment of Educational Progress
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A