ERIC Number: EJ1073961
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
Self-Efficacy and Self-Reported Dietary Behaviors in Adolescents at an Urban School with No Competitive Foods
Rosenkoetter, Eileen; Loman, Deborah G.
Journal of School Nursing, v31 n5 p345-352 Oct 2015
Over one third of U.S. adolescents are overweight. A descriptive, cross-sectional study examined the relationship between student dietary self-efficacy (SE), sugar-sweetened beverages, and low-nutrient energy-dense food consumption, and exposure to a healthy school food environment without competitive foods. The sample consisted of 292 urban, primarily African American students aged 11 to 16 years. Mantel-Haenszel ?[superscript 2] analyses revealed a significant but weak linear trend for girls between number of school meals and SE to drink less soda, ?[superscript 2](1) = 6.882, p = 0.008, and between semesters attended with SE to eat more fruits and vegetables, ?[superscript 2](1) = 5.908, p = 0.015. Obese students had significantly higher scores for two SE items than nonobese students, that is, plan better nutrition, ?[superscript 2](1) = 3.998, p = 0.045, and eat healthy at a fast-food restaurant, ?[superscript 2](1) = 4.078, p = 0.043. Further study of adolescent SE for healthy eating and school-based, food-focused obesity prevention interventions is needed.
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Adolescents, Preadolescents, African American Students, Urban Schools, Dietetics, Obesity, Statistical Analysis, School Nurses, Nutrition, Competition, Charter Schools, Measures (Individuals), Student Characteristics, Likert Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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