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ERIC Number: EJ1073871
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1381-2890
The White Bear in the Classroom: On the Use of Thought Suppression When Stakes Are High and Pressure to Perform Increases
Imhof, Margarete; Schulte-Jakubowski, Katja
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v18 n3 p431-442 Sep 2015
This study examined how students use volitional control of thoughts in a context of performance during the 3-year pre-college track in their high school program. A total of 142 students were surveyed on their ability to volitionally control potentially disruptive cognitions, on their perception of positive and negative mood, and how this is related to their performance in terms of grades. Results showed that students who stated that grades were not important to them reported a stronger tendency to use volitional control of thoughts, especially when a negative mood was present. In addition, the data suggested a gender-related difference in applying volitional control, namely, that female participants displayed a stronger preference for this strategy. The findings are discussed in the context of performance avoidance and stress reduction. In conclusion, we claim that there is a need to find more effective ways of coping with increasingly higher performance standards and using individual cognitive potentials.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A