ERIC Number: EJ1073862
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Retrieval Induces Forgetting, but Only When Nontested Items Compete for Retrieval: Implication for Interference, Inhibition, and Context Reinstatement
Chan, Jason C. K.; Erdman, Matthew R.; Davis, Sara D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n5 p1298-1315 Sep 2015
The mechanism responsible for retrieval-induced forgetting has been the subject of rigorous theoretical debate, with some researchers postulating that retrieval-induced forgetting can be explained by interference (J. G .W. Raaijmakers & E. Jakab, 2013) or context reinstatement (T. R. Jonker, P. Seli, & C. M. MacLeod, 2013), whereas others claim that retrieval-induced forgetting is better explained by inhibition (M. C. Anderson, 2003). A fundamental assumption of the inhibition account is that nonpracticed items are suppressed because they compete for retrieval during initial testing. In the current study, we manipulated competition in a novel interpolated testing paradigm by having subjects learn the nonpracticed items either before (high-competition condition) or after (low-competition condition) they practiced retrieval of the target items. We found retrieval-induced forgetting for the nonpracticed competitors only when they were studied before retrieval practice. This result provides support for a critical assumption of the inhibition account.
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Inhibition, Interference (Learning), Cognitive Processes, Theories, Competition, Testing, College Students, Video Games, Visual Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Games, Experimental Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa