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ERIC Number: EJ1073806
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Using Implicit Instructional Cues to Influence False Memory Induction
Cirelli, Laura K.; Dickinson, Joël; Poirier, Marie
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v44 n5 p485-494 Oct 2015
Previous research has shown that explicit cues specific to the encoding process (endogenous) or characteristic of the stimuli themselves (exogenous) can be used to direct a reader's attentional resources towards either relational or item-specific information. By directing attention to relational information (and therefore away from item-specific information) the rate of false memory induction can be increased. The purpose of the current study was to investigate if a similar effect would be found by manipulating "implicitly" endogenous cues. An instructional manipulation was used to influence the perceptual action participants performed on word stimuli during the encoding of DRM list words. Results demonstrated that the instructional conditions that encouraged faster processing also led to an increased rate of false memory induction for semantically related words, supporting the hypothesis that attention was directed towards relational information. This finding supports the "impoverished relational processing" account of false memory induction. This supports the idea that implicitly endogenous cues, exogenous cues (like font) or explicitly endogenous cues (like training) can direct attentional resources during encoding.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A