ERIC Number: EJ1073706
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Adolescent Student Use of School-Based Salad Bars
Andersen, Lori; Myers, Leann; O'Malley, Keelia; Mundorf, Adrienne R.; Harris, Diane M.; Johnson, Carolyn C.
Journal of School Health, v85 n10 p722-727 Oct 2015
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a public health problem in the United States. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) is one strategy for decreasing high consumption of energy-dense, high-fat foods, thereby improving weight status. Many Orleans Parish public schools were provided with salad bars (SBs) to augment school lunch with increased access to F/V. This study identified factors associated with student use of SBs. Methods: Surveys examining SB use, demographics, food preference, nutrition knowledge, and social support were administered to students in the 7th to 12th grades (N?=?702) in Orleans Parish (New Orleans, Louisiana). Generalized estimating equations, which incorporate clustering at the school level, helped to determine associations between independent variables and SB use. Results: Sixty percent of participants were SB users. Non-African-American students were more likely to be SB users than African-American students (odds ratio [OR]?=?2.35, confidence interval [CI]: 1.35-4.07) and students who had high preference for healthy food were more likely to use the SB than those who had low preference (OR?=?2.41, CI: 1.44-4.01). Students who encouraged others to consume F/V were more likely to use the SB than those who did not (p?=?0.015). Conclusions: Individual and interpersonal factors related to SB use can provide guidance in the development of school-based interventions to increase SB use and F/V consumption.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Food, Eating Habits, Body Weight, Public Schools, Urban Schools, Student Surveys, Student Characteristics, Preferences, Nutrition, Knowledge Level, Social Support Groups, Secondary School Students, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12, Correlation, Racial Differences, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Sponsor: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Louisiana
Grant or Contract Numbers: U48DP001948; 12-063