ERIC Number: EJ1073657
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Are Boys That Bad? Gender Gaps in Measured Skills, Grades and Aspirations in Czech Elementary Schools
Mateju, Petr; Smith, Michael L.
British Journal of Sociology of Education, v36 n6 p871-895 2015
This article examines gender gaps in academic performance (grades in mathematics and reading) between boys and girls of ninth-grade elementary schools in the Czech Republic. Our analysis is based on 2003 data from the Programme for International Student Assessment, encompassing the academic performance and family background of ninth-grade pupils. Similar to research on other countries, we find that girls strongly outperform boys in grades in Czech language, but that this gender gap is not explained by measured ability in reading nor on family background or student attributes. We also find gender bias in mathematics grades, after controlling for measured ability and other factors. Girls are also substantially more likely than boys to apply to secondary grammar schools, as well as aspire to a college education, even after controlling for measured ability. We put forward a number of theoretical perspectives that shed light on the possible causes of these empirical findings.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Grade 9, Elementary School Students, Males, Females, Grades (Scholastic), Language Arts, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Equal Education, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Hypothesis Testing, Surveys, Coding, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools; Elementary Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment