ERIC Number: EJ1073407
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Inhibition: Mental Control Process or Mental Resource?
Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n4 p666-681 2015
The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among mental-attentional (M) capacity, inhibition, updating, shifting, and language competence. Children completed measures of M-capacity (in the verbal and nonverbal domains), inhibition, updating, shifting, and language. Path analyses showed the data provided a poor fit to the model of inhibition as a mental-control process but a good fit to the model of inhibition as a mental resource. Results are consistent with the theory of constructive operators and suggest inhibition is a mental resource rather than a mental-control process.
Descriptors: Inhibition, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis, Preadolescents, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Attention, Language Skills, Verbal Ability, Nonverbal Ability, Path Analysis, Models, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary, Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Test of Language Development; Trail Making Test