ERIC Number: EJ1073320
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Effect of Peer Instruction on the Likelihood for Choosing the Correct Response to a Physiology Question
Relling, Alejandro E.; Giuliodori, Mauricio J.
Advances in Physiology Education, v39 n3 p167-171 Sep 2015
The aims of the present study were to measure the effects of individual answer (correct vs. incorrect), individual answer of group members (no vs. some vs. all correct), self-confidence about the responses (low vs. mid vs. high), sex (female vs. male students), and group size (2-4 students) on the odds for change and for correctness after peer instruction in a veterinary physiology course (n = 101 students). Data were assessed by multivariable logistic regression analysis. The likelihood for change after peer instruction increased when the confidence on an individual answer was low (P < 0.01), when the answer was incorrect (P < 0.01), and when group members had different responses (P < 0.01). The likelihood for correctness after peer instruction increased when the confidence in group answers was high (P < 0.01), when the individual answer was correct (P < 0.01), and when at least one of the group members had the correct response (P < 0.01). After peer discussion, more changes were from incorrect to correct responses than vice versa (72% vs. 28%, P < 0.01). Changes to correct answers occurred after discussion with peers having both the correct individual response (76% of times) and also the incorrect individual answer (24% of times). In conclusion, the benefits of peer instruction are due to students having correct answers generally prevail in discussions. Also, students who all have incorrect answers can get the correct answer through debate and discussion.
Descriptors: Physiology, Self Esteem, Responses, Gender Differences, Groups, Error Correction, Veterinary Medical Education, Regression (Statistics), Peer Teaching, Error Patterns, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Foreign Countries, Lecture Method, Tests, Statistical Analysis, Instructional Effectiveness, Probability, Feedback (Response)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina