ERIC Number: EJ1073033
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
The Empathy and Systemizing Quotient: The Psychometric Properties of the Dutch Version and a Review of the Cross-Cultural Stability
Groen, Y.; Fuermaier, A. B. M.; Den Heijer, A. E.; Tucha, O.; Althaus, M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n9 p2848-2864 Sep 2015
The "Empathy Quotient" (EQ) and "Systemizing Quotient" (SQ) are used worldwide to measure people's empathizing and systemizing cognitive styles. This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Dutch EQ and SQ in healthy participants (n = 685), and high functioning males with autism spectrum disorder (n = 42). Factor analysis provided support for three subscales of the abridged 28-item EQ: Cognitive Empathy, Emotional Empathy and Social Skills. Overall, the Dutch EQ and SQ appeared reliable and valid tools to assess empathizing and systemizing cognitive style in healthy adults and high functioning adults with autism. The literature showed good cross-cultural stability of the SQ and EQ in Western countries, but in Asian countries EQ is less stable and less sensitive to sex differences.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Empathy, Cognitive Style, Psychometrics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Factor Analysis, Interpersonal Competence, Reliability, Validity, Adults, Cross Cultural Studies, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia