ERIC Number: EJ1073028
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Psychosocial Adjustment and Sibling Relationships in Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Risk and Protective Factors
Walton, Katherine M.; Ingersoll, Brooke R.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n9 p2764-2778 Sep 2015
This study compared sibling adjustment and relationships in siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD-Sibs; n = 69) and siblings of children with typical development (TD-Sibs; n = 93). ASD-Sibs and TD-Sibs demonstrated similar emotional/behavioral adjustment. Older male ASD-Sibs were at increased risk for difficulties. Sibling relationships of ASD-Sibs involved less aggression, less involvement, and more avoidance than those of TD-Sibs. Partial support for a diathesis-stress conceptualization of sibling difficulties was found for ASD-Sibs. For TD-Sibs, broader autism phenotype (BAP) was related to psychosocial difficulties regardless of family stressors. For ASD-Sibs, BAP was related to difficulties only when family stressors were present. This suggests that having a sibling with ASD may be a protective factor that attenuates the negative impact of sibling BAP.
Descriptors: Siblings, Sibling Relationship, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Child Behavior, Emotional Response, Adjustment (to Environment), Gender Differences, Age Differences, At Risk Persons, Aggression, Psychological Patterns, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Stress Variables, Resilience (Psychology)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A