ERIC Number: EJ1073022
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Making Inferences: Comprehension of Physical Causality, Intentionality, and Emotions in Discourse by High-Functioning Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Autism
Bodner, Kimberly E.; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Minshew, Nancy J.; Williams, Diane L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n9 p2721-2733 Sep 2015
Studies investigating inferential reasoning in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have focused on the ability to make socially-related inferences or inferences more generally. Important variables for intervention planning such as whether inferences depend on physical experiences or the nature of social information have received less consideration. A measure of bridging inferences of physical causation, mental states, and emotional states was administered to older children, adolescents, and adults with and without ASD. The ASD group had more difficulty making inferences, particularly related to emotional understanding. Results suggest that individuals with ASD may not have the stored experiential knowledge that specific inferences depend upon or have difficulties accessing relevant experiences due to linguistic limitations. Further research is needed to tease these elements apart.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inferences, Intervention, Social Development, Children, Adolescents, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Emotional Response, Knowledge Level, Experience, Intention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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