ERIC Number: EJ1072635
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
An Examination of Some of the Cognitive and Motivation Variables Related to Gender Differences in Lecture Note-Taking
Reddington, Lindsay A.; Peverly, Stephen T.; Block, Caryn J.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v28 n8 p1155-1185 Oct 2015
The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore if gender is related to note-taking in a large undergraduate sample (divided relatively evenly between males and females), and if it is, to examine the cognitive (handwriting speed, working memory, language comprehension) and motivation variables (conscientiousness and goal orientation) that might explain the relationship. A second purpose was to determine if there might be gender related differences in test performance (written recall). Results indicated that females recorded significantly more information in notes and written recall than males and performed significantly better on measures of handwriting speed, working memory, language comprehension, and conscientiousness. Results also indicated that notes' quality was significantly and positively related to language comprehension, gender, and the gender × language comprehension interaction, while written recall was positively and significantly related to handwriting speed, mastery goal orientation, and the gender × conscientiousness interaction. Results imply that the female advantage typically found in language mediated tasks like reading and essay writing may extend to lecture note-taking. From a theoretical perspective, our data indicate that past research on the processes associated with note-taking, which have focused exclusively on cognitive processes, has been too narrow. Future research should attempt to replicate these findings, investigate other motivation related variables to note- and test-taking, such as openness to experience, and investigate whether females have an advantage on both functions of note-taking: encoding (taking notes), which we investigated, and review (of notes), which we did not investigate.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Gender Differences, Cognitive Ability, Handwriting, Short Term Memory, Language Skills, Comprehension, Student Motivation, Goal Orientation, Correlation, Notetaking, Recall (Psychology), Interaction, Personality Traits, Student Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
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