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ERIC Number: EJ1072481
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0160-7561
From Philosophy of Education to Philosophizing about Education
Watras, Joseph
Philosophical Studies in Education, v37 p87-96 2006
A survey of the yearbooks published by the National Society for the Study of Education (NSSE) in the twentieth century indicates that philosophers of education changed the direction of their work. In the nineteenth century, educators turned to philosophers for answers to questions about the aim of education. As the twentieth century advanced, philosophers of education moved away from this type of endeavor, and people tended to look to scientific research for such answers. As many philosophers warned, scientists ignored many of the complex problems that traditional philosophers had considered. Thus, philosophers of education must take care if they decide to ignore traditional metaphysical analyses because they will have difficulty considering profound educational issues that science cannot approach. This essay discusses the gradual shift in the approach to answering questions about the aim of education, and focuses primarily on the work of Jacques Maritain (a professor of philosophy) in comparison to the work of Mary Field Belenky and a group of psychologists. Maritain based his views on his study of metaphysics while Belenky and her colleagues read over the results of scientific interviews to arrive at their answers regarding the aim of education. The comparisons between the philosophical and scientific approaches discussed in this essay include: (1) aim of education; (2) role of the teacher; (3) conception of subject matter; and (4) concerns raised by the shift toward philosophizing.
Ohio Valley Philosophy of Education Society. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A