ERIC Number: EJ1072401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Control of Auditory Attention in Children with Specific Language Impairment
Victorino, Kristen R.; Schwartz, Richard G.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v58 n4 p1245-1257 Aug 2015
Purpose: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) appear to demonstrate deficits in attention and its control. Selective attention involves the cognitive control of attention directed toward a relevant stimulus and simultaneous inhibition of attention toward irrelevant stimuli. The current study examined attention control during a cross-modal word recognition task. Method: Twenty participants with SLI (ages 9-12 years) and 20 age-matched peers with typical language development (TLD) listened to words through headphones and were instructed to attend to the words in 1 ear while ignoring the words in the other ear. They were simultaneously presented with pictures and asked to make a lexical decision about whether the pictures and auditory words were the same or different. Accuracy and reaction time were measured in 5 conditions, in which the stimulus in the unattended channel was manipulated. Results: The groups performed with similar accuracy. Compared with their peers with TLD, children with SLI had slower reaction times overall and different within-group patterns of performance by condition. Conclusions: Children with TLD showed efficient inhibitory control in conditions that required active suppression of competing stimuli. Participants with SLI had difficulty exerting control over their auditory attention in all conditions, with particular difficulty inhibiting distractors of all types.
Descriptors: Attention Control, Auditory Perception, Language Impairments, Children, Matched Groups, Auditory Stimuli, Task Analysis, Accuracy, Reaction Time, Comparative Analysis, Performance, Inhibition, Pictorial Stimuli, Decision Making, Word Recognition, Audio Equipment, Listening Skills
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5RO1 DC5RO1DC01141