NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1072067
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Social and Non-Social Fear in Preschoolers and Prospective Associations with Lying about Cheating
Zwirs, Barbara W. C.; Székely, Eszter; Herba, Catherine M.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Hofman, Albert; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Tiemeier, Henning
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v39 n5 p477-484 Sep 2015
Little is known about the development of children's lying. The present study examined whether observed social and non-social fear in preschoolers predicts children's consistent cheating (N = 460; M = 4.3 years of age) and consistent lying about cheating. When left alone, 155 (34%) children cheated in both games conducted. Of these consistently cheating children, 54 (35%) children lied about their cheating after both games, whereas the remaining 101 children confessed to cheating after at least one game. Children's temperamental fear did not predict consistent cheating. However, non-social (but not social) fear did predict consistent lying. Children with lower levels of non-social fear were more likely to lie. These findings suggest that non-social fear plays a role in the development of children's antisocial lying.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Brief Symptom Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A