ERIC Number: EJ1071986
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
A Synthesis of the Effects of Correctional Education on the Academic Outcomes of Incarcerated Adults
Reed, Deborah K.
Educational Psychology Review, v27 n3 p537-558 Sep 2015
Most evaluations of the effectiveness of correctional education use the distal outcomes of recidivism and post-release employment as the dependent variables (e.g., Aos et al., 2006; Davis et al., 2013). This synthesis sought to determine the effectiveness of correctional education at improving proximal academic outcomes among incarcerated adult participants. A search of the peer-reviewed literature yielded only six studies meeting the selection criteria published from January 2003 to June 2014. Participants in all studies made educational progress as defined by academic and vocational test scores and course credits. The effect sizes in four studies of adult basic education and one study of vocational education were medium to strong (g?=?0.52 to 2.04). One treatment-comparison study of college education demonstrated negligible negative effects, favoring the typical college program (g?=?-0.13 to -0.19). However, students in both conditions improved their standardized test performance and credit accrual. There were no studies examining general educational development (GED) test preparation. The discussion contextualizes the concerns with methodological rigor and addresses the remaining gaps in the literature.
Descriptors: Correctional Education, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Program Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Scores, Tests, Effect Size, Adults, Adult Basic Education, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Standardized Tests, High School Equivalency Programs, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Basic Education; Adult Education; Elementary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High School Equivalency Programs; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A