ERIC Number: EJ1071981
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Conceptions of Assessment When the Teaching Context and Learner Population Matter: Compulsory School versus Non-Compulsory Adult Education Contexts
Remesal, Ana; Brown, Gavin T. L.
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v30 n3 p331-347 Sep 2015
This paper presents results of a study on teachers' conceptions of assessment carried out on a sample of 493 teachers of Spanish as foreign language from all over the world. At the moment of data collection, the participants were members of an international online teacher community and were teaching at different professional contexts: basic compulsory school, and diverse extra-school teaching contexts, such as language academies and in-company education services. A self-report questionnaire was presented online to the teachers with 40 rating items capturing their conceptions of assessment and habitual assessment practices. Confirmatory factor analysis was undertaken to evaluate the theoretical model. Results reveal a new bifactor model of conceptions of assessment, which contrasts with the prevailing literature in the field. More specifically, results point to differences in teachers' conceptions of assessment depending on four aspects: how assessment affects the teaching process, the learning process, the certification of learning results, and the participants' accountability to different audiences, such as colleague teachers, families, and the general society. Our results further put forward that the learner population, whether children-adolescents or adults, influences teachers' conceptions of assessment. This should lead researchers and practitioners to rethink teachers' conceptions of assessment in a broader context than has been considered to date.
Descriptors: Adult Education, Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Communities of Practice, Online Courses, Language Teachers, Compulsory Education, Workplace Learning, Questionnaires, Teacher Attitudes, Evaluation Methods, Educational Assessment, Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Factor Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A