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ERIC Number: EJ1071688
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0007-1013
3D Face Model Dataset: Automatic Detection of Facial Expressions and Emotions for Educational Environments
Chickerur, Satyadhyan; Joshi, Kartik
British Journal of Educational Technology, v46 n5 p1028-1037 Sep 2015
Emotion detection using facial images is a technique that researchers have been using for the last two decades to try to analyze a person's emotional state given his/her image. Detection of various kinds of emotion using facial expressions of students in educational environment is useful in providing insight into the effectiveness of tutoring sessions. Robust recognition with conventional 2D cameras is still not possible under realistic conditions, i.e., in the presence of variation in lighting and illumination and pose variations of the participants. This paper discusses in brief how facial expression recognition from 3D models could be achieved for applications under various educational environments. 3D Face Model dataset for various facial expressions of about 95 undergraduate students of the Department of Information Science and Engineering was collected. The new dataset produced comprise 3D models of emotions represented by five groups of facial expressions, namely: normal, happy, sad, surprised and angry, which are mainly seen among students during their college days. These data were collected using a Kinect camera, which also gives the depth map for the facial expressions. The dataset collected is a point cloud. The Kinect camera measures a large number of points on the face of the person and this output is stored as a point cloud data (PCD) file. The point cloud thus represents the sets of points that the camera has measured. The data are stored in the PCD file format, which supports the 3D point cloud data, and which can be viewed using any point cloud library (PCL) viewer.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A