ERIC Number: EJ1071660
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
"Act Healthy": Promoting Health Behaviors and Self-Efficacy in the Workplace
Schopp, Laura H.; Bike, Denise H.; Clark, Mary J.; Minor, Marian A.
Health Education Research, v30 n4 p542-553 Aug 2015
Chronic health conditions and multiple health risk factors afflict Americans and burden employers, but effective, affordable, workplace-based health promotion interventions have not been widely implemented. This is the first study to adapt the empirically validated Chronic Disease Self-Management Program for a general employee population in a workplace setting with an emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion. A quasi-experimental, wellness standard of care comparison, prospective cohort design was used among employee participants at a large University employer. Ninety-one individuals participated in the program. Participants reported significantly increased health behavior frequency and self-efficacy after the intervention, compared with their pre-intervention scores, and improvements were sustained at 3-month follow-up [self-rated abilities for health practices scale (SRA): F = 30.89, P < 0.001; health promoting lifestyle profile-II (HPLP-II): F = 36.30 P < 0.001]. Individuals in the intervention group reported improved self-efficacy and health behaviors compared with the wellness standard of care comparison group at post intervention (SRA: F = 12.45, P < 0.001; HPLP-II: F = 25.28, P < 0.001). Adapting lay-facilitated self-management for the workplace offers promise as a replicable, scalable, affordable model for culture change in organizations.
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Self Efficacy, Employee Attitudes, Work Environment, Management Development, Intervention, Diseases, Prevention, Quasiexperimental Design, Life Style, Scores, Wellness, Chronic Illness, Risk, Outcomes of Treatment, Organizational Change, Comparative Analysis, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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