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ERIC Number: EJ1071117
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1090-1981
African Americans' Perceptions of Prostate-Specific Antigen Prostate Cancer Screening
Hunter, Jaimie C.; Vines, Anissa I.; Carlisle, Veronica
Health Education & Behavior, v42 n4 p539-544 Aug 2015
Background: In 2012, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released a hotly debated recommendation against prostate-specific antigen testing for all men. The present research examines African Americans' beliefs about their susceptibility to prostate cancer (PCa) and the effectiveness of prostate-specific antigen testing in the context of the controversy surrounding this recommendation. Method: This study used a qualitative design to examine perceptions regarding susceptibility and screening. Data were collected at a community health center and three predominantly African American churches in North Carolina. Study participants were 46 African American men and women who attended one of four "listening sessions" for pretesting PCa educational materials (average age = 55 years). Listening sessions of 1.5-hour duration were conducted to pretest materials; while presenting the materials, researchers probed beliefs and knowledge about PCa screening. The sessions were recorded and transcribed, and the transcripts were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory. Results: The four emergent themes indicated that participants (1) cited behavioral, psychosocial, and biological reasons why African American men have higher PCa risk compared with others; (2) knew about the controversy and had varying responses and intentions; (3) believed screening could save lives, so it should be used regardless of the 2012 recommendation; and (4) felt that women can help men go to the doctor and make screening decisions. Conclusion: Health education efforts to help community members understand health controversies, screening options, and how to make informed screening decisions are critical.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH), Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina
Grant or Contract Numbers: U54-CA153602