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ERIC Number: EJ1070938
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Why Some Countries Attract More High-Ability Young Students to Teaching: Cross-National Comparisons of Students' Expectation of Becoming a Teacher
Park, Hyunjoon; Byun, Soo-Yong
Comparative Education Review, v59 n3 p523-549 Aug 2015
Using data from 37,570 students in 23 OECD countries in PISA 2006, we examine how national contexts shape the expectation of being a teacher at age 30 among high achieving students in secondary schools. Our results show considerable between-country differences in the degree of students' expectation of a teaching job. To address sources of this cross-national variation, we use two-level logit models by linking student-level data with country-level data. Consistent with earlier findings, we find that teachers' economic status matters for students' expectation of becoming a teacher. Moreover, our results show that teachers' social status also matters. Countries' levels of professionalization of teaching, indicated by whether teachers have a bachelor's degree and are fully certified, are also related to students' expectation of the teaching profession. Specifically, in countries with higher levels of professionalization, we see a reduced gender gap in students' expectation of becoming a teacher.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: R24HD041025