ERIC Number: EJ1070846
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Temperament in Children's Reliance on Others as Sources of Information
Canfield, Caitlin F.; Saudino, Kimberly J.; Ganea, Patricia A.
Infant and Child Development, v24 n4 p435-451 Jul-Aug 2015
By 3?years of age, children generally have a firm understanding of others' reliability, but there is considerable variation among individual children. Little attention has been paid to factors that influence such individual differences. This study addressed this by assessing the relation between reliability understanding and temperament in children approaching their third birthday. We measured children's ability to judge a speaker's trustworthiness and to selectively learn new information from a reliable informant. Observer ratings provided assessments of children's activity, task orientation, and affect/extraversion. Significant associations between selective trust and the temperament dimension of affect/extraversion were found, along with associations between selective trust and gender and language ability. This indicates that the ability to ascertain whether a speaker is a reliable person from whom to learn is related to several individual child characteristics.
Descriptors: Young Children, Personality Traits, Individual Differences, Correlation, Value Judgment, Trust (Psychology), Observation, Psychological Patterns, Gender Differences, Language Skills, Reliability, Information Sources
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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