ERIC Number: EJ1070698
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
The Attitude of Egyptian SET Academics towards Innovation: Universities and Innovation in a Factor-Driven Economy
El Hadidi, Hala; Kirby, David A.
Industry and Higher Education, v29 n4 p293-303 Aug 2015
In the modern knowledge economy universities are being required to operate more entrepreneurially, commercializing the results of their research and spinning out new ventures. The literature on the Triple Helix model (of academic-industry-government relations) is outlined, emphasizing--as does the model--the enhanced role that the modern entrepreneurial university plays in technological innovation. The study then examines the situation in Egypt where, as an earlier study demonstrated, innovation and the role of higher education in the innovation process are only weakly developed. Four hundred science, engineering and technology academics from eight of Egypt's private and public universities were surveyed to identify why this is the case. The results reveal that while there is considerable uncertainty amongst academics in both the private and public sectors about the role of Egyptian universities in the innovation process, there is recognition of the need for government intervention and support if the country's universities are to adopt this Third Mission function. The possible types of intervention and support are considered, which will be of relevance to both academics and policy makers in Egypt and other factor-driven economies.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Educational Innovation, Knowledge Economy, STEM Education, College Faculty, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Surveys, College Role, Government Role, Entrepreneurship, Research and Development, Commercialization, Information Transfer, Industry, School Business Relationship, Government School Relationship, Ecology, Questionnaires, Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt