ERIC Number: EJ1070595
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Assessing Reading Fluency in Kenya: Oral or Silent Assessment?
Piper, Benjamin; Zuilkowski, Stephanie Simmons
International Review of Education, v61 n2 p153-171 Apr 2015
In recent years, the Education for All movement has focused more intensely on the quality of education, rather than simply provision. Many recent and current education quality interventions focus on literacy, which is the core skill required for further academic success. Despite this focus on the quality of literacy instruction in developing countries, little rigorous research has been conducted on critical issues of assessment. This analysis, which uses data from the Primary Math and Reading Initiative (PRIMR) in Kenya, aims to begin filling this gap by addressing a key assessment issue--should literacy assessments in Kenya be administered orally or silently? The authors compared second-grade students' scores on oral and silent reading tasks of the Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) in Kiswahili and English, and found no statistically significant differences in either language. They did, however, find oral reading rates to be more strongly related to reading comprehension scores. Oral assessment has another benefit for programme evaluators--it allows for the collection of data on student errors, and therefore the calculation of words read correctly per minute, as opposed to simply words read per minute. The authors therefore recommend that, in Kenya and in similar contexts, student reading fluency be assessed via oral rather than silent assessment.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests, Oral Reading, Silent Reading, Evaluation Methods, Grade 2, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Testing, Early Reading, English (Second Language), English Curriculum, African Languages, Statistical Significance, Reading Comprehension, Error Analysis (Language), Evaluation Research, Best Practices, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Literacy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya