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ERIC Number: EJ1070417
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1324-1486
Effective Leadership: Transformational or Transactional?
Gray, Tonia; Bymer, Eric
Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, v10 n2 p13-19 2006
Theory and research in outdoor leadership is often based on studies undertaken in the 1980s, however, whilst such findings are valuable, it is interesting that leadership theory in other fields such as sport, education, leisure, health, management studies and the military have taken on a different perspective. One of the most often studied models is the transactional-transformational model (Bass, 1985). This paper reviews the transactional-transformational leadership model in terms of its appropriateness for understanding and exploring outdoor leadership. Insights drawn from the discussion point to the transformational leadership model as appropriate for theorizing outdoor leadership. This conclusion was drawn as a direct response to the focus of certain key elements within outdoor leadership as a whole.
Outdoor Council of Australia. 150 Caxton Street, Milton, Queensland 4064, Australia. Tel: +61-7-3369-9455; Fax: +61-7-3369-9355; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A