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ERIC Number: EJ1070403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1324-1486
Skill Instruction in Outdoor Leadership: A Comparison of a Direct Instruction Model and a Discovery-Learning Model
Thomas, Glyn
Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, v11 n2 p10-18 2007
In this paper I discuss some of the strengths and weaknesses of two different approaches to teaching motor skills to students in outdoor education and outdoor recreation settings. Using acronyms to describe their stages: DEDICT is a six step, direct instructional model that some outdoor leaders may already be familiar with; and FERAL is my adaptation of a discovery learning approach that can be used to teach students and participants skills. It is my premise that both models are theoretically sound in terms of motor skill acquisition theory and the physical education literature on skill instruction. I discuss and critique both models with reference to the theories of motor learning, the stages of skill acquisition, the role of feedback, the characteristics of effective practice, the value of demonstrations, the role of verbal instructions, and experiential learning theory. Finally, I offer some recommendations on how to optimise the effectiveness of skill instruction in outdoor leadership using both models.
Outdoor Council of Australia. 150 Caxton Street, Milton, Queensland 4064, Australia. Tel: +61-7-3369-9455; Fax: +61-7-3369-9355; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A