ERIC Number: EJ1070191
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Disproportionate Poverty, Conservatism, and the Disproportionate Identification of Minority Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Wiley, Andrew L.; Brigham, Frederick J.; Kauffman, James M.; Bogan, Jane E.
Education and Treatment of Children, v36 n4 p29-50 2013
Previous investigations of disproportionate representation of students from certain ethnic groups in special education have suggested that disproportionality is the result of bias against the members of overrepresented groups or, conversely, the result of disproportionate exposure to poverty for these students. Strong evidence in favor of either position has failed to emerge over the past decades, leading us to conclude that the models underlying these examinations might be inadequate. We, therefore, examined disproportionality in ED at the national level (50 states and DC) for two ethnic groups, African-American and Hispanic students. Using a more complex model, we found that disproportionate poverty was positively associated with representation of these two groups in ED classification. The representation of African-Americans in the ED category was negatively correlated with levels of conservatism for a state while poverty more strongly affected individuals from Hispanic backgrounds. We suggest that the general underidentification of individuals from all ethnic groups may be the larger problem.
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Ethnic Groups, Special Education, Poverty, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Correlation, Emotional Disturbances, At Risk Students, Statistical Analysis, White Students, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A