ERIC Number: EJ1069682
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
A Review of Level 2 Parent-Report Instruments Used to Screen Children Aged 1.5-5 for Autism: A Meta-Analytic Update
Hampton, Justin; Strand, Paul S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n8 p2519-2530 Aug 2015
The present study utilized meta-analytic procedures to estimate the diagnostic validity of instruments used to screen young children, ages 1.5-5 years, for autism. Five scales met inclusion criteria, and data from 18 studies contributed the meta-analysis. Results revealed that 4 of 5 scales met criteria for "good" validity, including two broad band scales (instruments not restricted to screening for autism). The current results suggest that validity differences might be a function of how instruments sample across the DSM content domains. Specifically, high validity instruments included a higher proportion of items assessing social interaction skills. The availability of valid broad- and narrow-band instruments, as well as implications for constructing future screening instruments, is discussed.
Descriptors: Autism, Meta Analysis, Clinical Diagnosis, Screening Tests, Diagnostic Tests, Validity, Interpersonal Competence, Evaluation Criteria, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
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