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ERIC Number: EJ1069570
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Public Disclosure to Improve Physical Education in an Urban School District: Results from a 2-year Quasi-Experimental Study
Thompson, Hannah R.; Vittinghoff, Eric; Linchey, Jennifer K.; Madsen, Kristine A.
Journal of School Health, v85 n9 p604-610 Sep 2015
Background: Many elementary schools have policies requiring a minimum amount of physical education (PE). However, few schools comply with local/state PE policy and little is known about how to improve adherence. We evaluated changes in PE among fifth-grade classes, following participatory action research efforts to improve PE quantity and policy compliance that focused on publically disclosing PE data. Methods: Data were collected in 20 San Francisco public elementary schools in spring 2011 and 2013. PE schedules were collected and PE classes were directly observed (2011, N?=?30 teachers; 2013, N?=?33 teachers). Data on the proportion of schools meeting state PE mandates in 2011 were shared within the school district and disclosed to the general public in 2012. Results: From 2011 to 2013, PE increased by 11?minutes/week based on teachers' schedules (95% CI: 3.0, 19.6) and by 14?minutes/week (95% CI: 1.9, 26.0) based on observations. The proportion of schools meeting the state PE mandate increased from 20% to 30% (p?=?0.27). Conclusions: Positive changes in PE were seen over a 2-year period following the public disclosure of data that highlighted poor PE policy compliance. Public disclosure could be a method for ensuring greater PE policy adherence.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Research Resources (NIH/DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: UL1 RR024131