ERIC Number: EJ1069049
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Meta-Analysis of Theory of Mind and Peer Popularity in the Preschool and Early School Years
Slaughter, Virginia; Imuta, Kana; Peterson, Candida C.; Henry, Julie D.
Child Development, v86 n4 p1159-1174 Jul-Aug 2015
It has been argued that children who possess an advanced theory of mind (ToM) are viewed positively by their peers, but the empirical findings are mixed. This meta-analysis of 20 studies including 2,096 children (aged from 2 years, 8 months to 10 years) revealed a significant overall association (r = 0.19) indicating that children with higher ToM scores were also more popular in their peer group. The effect did not vary with age. The effect was weaker for boys (r = 0.12) compared to girls (r = 0.30). ToM was more strongly associated with popularity (r = 0.23) than with rejection (r = 0.13). These findings confirm that ToM development has significant implications for children's peer relationships.
Descriptors: Child Development, Theory of Mind, Meta Analysis, Young Children, Correlation, Scores, Peer Relationship, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Rejection (Psychology), Peer Acceptance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
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