NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1068936
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1913-9020
The Study of the Phenomenon of Hesitation as a Cognitive Process in Iranian French Learners' Oral Production
Rahmatian, Rouhollah; Mehrabi, Marzieh; Safa, Parivash; Golfam, Arsalan
International Education Studies, v7 n2 p106-116 2014
Hesitation, when speaking a foreign language, is studied through its components: beginnings, pauses, and repetitions. This paper aims to identify, through the study of this phenomenon, vulnerable zones among Iranian learners when they speak French. A case study of 30 adult learners shows that hesitation is not random and at different levels (A1 to B2) it is differentiated and divided into fluent, semi-fluent, and disfluent utterances. Problematic linguistic elements and those structures that have not yet been internalized make up speaking vulnerable zones, cognitively manifested by hesitations. The results show the least fluent learners at each level had more finished beginnings. The less a learner was fluent, the more they had in-word beginnings. In addition, the number of modified beginnings was greater than the finished ones when more fluent learners spoke. There are, therefore, implications for oral proficiency assessors who may conclude that the learner knows the rules but still has to practice to reach fluency. The results also show that there were more filled pauses than silent ones at all levels except A2. At B2 level, there were considerably less pauses, a sign of learner autonomy.
Canadian Center of Science and Education. 1120 Finch Avenue West Suite 701-309, Toronto, ON M3J 3H7, Canada. Tel: 416-642-2606 Ext 206; Fax: 416-642-2608; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A