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ERIC Number: EJ1068909
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
The Indicating Factors of Oral Reading Fluency of Monolingual and Bilingual Children in Egypt
Hussien, Abdelaziz M.
International Education Studies, v7 n2 p75-90 2014
This study examined oral reading fluency (ORF) of bilingual and monolingual students. The author selected a sample of 510 (258 males and 252 females) native Arabic-speaking sixth-graders (62 bilinguals and 448 monolinguals) in Egypt. The purposes were; (a) to examine oral reading rate, oral reading accuracy, prosody, and oral reading comprehension as indicating factors in ORF, and b) to investigate the impact of bilingual education on students' ORF in Arabic. Participants individually completed the author-developed Oral Reading Fluency Measure. Results indicated a very good fit between the proposed model and the observed data i.e., oral reading rate, oral reading accuracy, prosody, and oral reading comprehension are significant indicators of ORF. Interestingly, results revealed that the bilingual students performed better than their monolingual counterparts on oral reading rate, oral reading accuracy, and prosody but not on oral reading comprehension. The discussion concludes that (a) in addition to oral reading rate, oral reading accuracy, and prosody, oral reading comprehension is a significant indicating factor of ORF, (b) learning a second language, English, has a positive effect on ORF in the first language, Arabic, and (c) the nature of Arabic orthography is an indispensible factor when examining ORF in science of reading.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Reading Rate, Accuracy, Suprasegmentals, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Semitic Languages, Grade 6, Intermediate Grades, Bilingual Education, Reading Tests, Goodness of Fit, Models, Educational Indicators, Reading Achievement, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Orthographic Symbols, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt