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ERIC Number: EJ1068547
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Musical Training, Bilingualism, and Executive Function: A Closer Look at Task Switching and Dual-Task Performance
Moradzadeh, Linda; Blumenthal, Galit; Wiseheart, Melody
Cognitive Science, v39 n5 p992-1020 Jul 2015
This study investigated whether musical training and bilingualism are associated with enhancements in specific components of executive function, namely, task switching and dual-task performance. Participants (n = 153) belonging to one of four groups (monolingual musician, bilingual musician, bilingual non-musician, or monolingual non-musician) were matched on age and socioeconomic status and administered task switching and dual-task paradigms. Results demonstrated reduced global and local switch costs in musicians compared with non-musicians, suggesting that musical training can contribute to increased efficiency in the ability to shift flexibly between mental sets. On dual-task performance, musicians also outperformed non-musicians. There was neither a cognitive advantage for bilinguals relative to monolinguals, nor an interaction between music and language to suggest additive effects of both types of experience. These findings demonstrate that long-term musical training is associated with improvements in task switching and dual-task performance.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A