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ERIC Number: EJ1068413
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 37
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1554-2998
African-American Male Students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders: A Study of the Effects of Ethnic Identity on Preference for School Counselors
Kosnitzky, Adam; Skaruppa, Cindy L.
Journal of School Counseling, v2 n4 2004
This study explored African-American adolescent males with emotional behavioral disorders (EBD) preferences for a school counselor in terms of gender and ethnicity. Participants were administered the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) to assess their ethnic identity levels, and the School Counselor Preference Inventory (SCPI) to assess their counselor preferences. Using a 4x2 Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), results of the study indicated that individuals with higher levels of ethnic identity had stronger preferences for ethnically similar school counselors. When counseling involved personal issues, the participants preferred ethnically similar school counselors regardless of gender. A lack of preference towards White male school counselors resulted when counseling involved career issues.
Journal of School Counseling. Montana State University, College of Education, Health and Human Development, P.O. Box 172940, Bozeman, MT 59717. Tel: 406-994-4133; Fax: 406-994-1854; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A