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ERIC Number: EJ1068220
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Sep
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1744-1803
Procedural and Conceptual Knowledge: Adults Reviewing Fractions
Baker, William J.; Czarnocha, Bronislaw; Dias, Olen; Doyle, Kathleen; Kennis, James R.
Adults Learning Mathematics, v7 n2 p39-65 Sep 2012
In the United States a majority of the students who enroll in community colleges require a review of secondary math before they are eligible for college level mathematics. In the pre-algebra course, that has a high drop-out rate, the most difficult topic for students is fractions. In order to better understand the fraction concept, Kieren separated it into five related sub-constructs. In Kieren's model the foundational sub-construct of part-whole provides a path to the sub-constructs of ratio, operator, quotient and measure. This model was previously investigated and found effective by Charalambous & Pitta Pantazi (2007) with children and Baker, Dias, Doyle, Czarnocha & Prabhu (2009) with adults. This article extends the earlier study of Baker et al. with adults by considering an alternate pathway to competency with operator and measure through multiplication and addition of fractions. This path is based upon Piaget's theories in which concepts develop through reflection upon corresponding procedures. The goal is to show that the path through direct extension of part-whole knowledge and the path through procedural knowledge work together and complement one another in explaining students' competency with operator and measure. An open question of whether measure is part of the multiplicative structure of fractions is also addressed using a mixed methodology of quantitative and qualitative analysis.
Adults Learning Mathematics. 26 Tennyson Road, Kilburn, London NW6 7SA UK. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A