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ERIC Number: EJ1068136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
The Development of Gender Constancy in Early Childhood and Its Relation to Time Comprehension and False-Belief Understanding
Zmyj, Norbert; Bischof-Köhler, Doris
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n3 p455-470 2015
What is the developmental course of children's gender constancy? Do other cognitive abilities such as time comprehension and false-belief understanding foster gender constancy and the subcomponents gender stability and gender consistency? We examined the development of gender constancy and its relation to time comprehension and false-belief understanding in children aged 3 to 6 years old. A new gender constancy task was designed, consisting of video sequences presenting a boy and a girl dressing up in clothes typically worn by the opposite sex and playing with toys usually played with by the opposite sex. Time comprehension was measured by a comparison of three hourglasses containing different amounts of sand (as in Bischof-Köhler, 2000). False-belief understanding was tested with an adaptation of Wimmer and Perner's (1983) seminal change-of-location task. Regression analyses revealed that false-belief understanding predicted gender constancy and gender consistency and that time comprehension predicted gender stability. These relations are discussed according to task-specific characteristics of gender constancy and a domain-general mechanism underlying these abilities.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A