ERIC Number: EJ1068019
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Examining a Sample of Black Deaf Individuals on the Deaf Acculturation Scale
Nelson Schmitt, Shawn S.; Leigh, Irene W.
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, v20 n3 p283-295 Jul 2015
The current study sought to identify and analyze how Black deaf and hard-of-hearing people conceptualize their deaf and hard-of-hearing identities. That is, what cultural and linguistic factors are involved and how do they interact? An existing measure of Deaf cultural identity, the Deaf Acculturation Scale (DAS), was used to evaluate these questions. Review of the measure's normative sample (n = 3,070) indicated that fewer than 300 self-identified as racial/ethnic minorities (Hispanic/Latino, Black, or Asian). Results of a preliminary study revealed that Non-White deaf individuals responded to DAS items in ways that significantly differed from responses provided by White deaf individuals. Moreover, the existing 5-factor correlated model of the DAS did not fit well with the Non-White group. The current study administered the DAS to a new sample of 106 Black deaf individuals. Principal components analysis determined an appropriate factor structure for this population. In addition to the existing 5 factors, a sixth factor emerged that appears to reflect identity concerns specific to Black deaf people. Ideas for future research, including how to examine the intersections of Deaf identity and racial identity, are discussed.
Descriptors: Acculturation, Deafness, Partial Hearing, Cultural Influences, Linguistic Performance, Identification (Psychology), Racial Identification, Racial Differences, Correlation, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Rating Scales, Measures (Individuals), Blacks
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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