ERIC Number: EJ1067912
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Noise on the Relationship between Auditory Working Memory and Comprehension in School-Age Children
Sullivan, Jessica R.; Osman, Homira; Schafer, Erin C.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v58 n3 p1043-1051 Jun 2015
Purpose: The objectives of the current study were to examine the effect of noise (-5 dB SNR) on auditory comprehension and to examine its relationship with working memory. It was hypothesized that noise has a negative impact on information processing, auditory working memory, and comprehension. Method: Children with normal hearing between the ages of 8 and 10 years were administered working memory and comprehension tasks in quiet and noise. The comprehension measure comprised 5 domains: main idea, details, reasoning, vocabulary, and understanding messages. Results: Performance on auditory working memory and comprehension tasks were significantly poorer in noise than in quiet. The reasoning, details, understanding, and vocabulary subtests were particularly affected in noise (p < 0.05). The relationship between auditory working memory and comprehension was stronger in noise than in quiet, suggesting an increased contribution of working memory. Conclusions: These data suggest that school-age children's auditory working memory and comprehension are negatively affected by noise. Performance on comprehension tasks in noise is strongly related to demands placed on working memory, supporting the theory that degrading listening conditions draws resources away from the primary task.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Comprehension, Children, Acoustics, Auditory Perception, Vocabulary, Logical Thinking
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A