ERIC Number: EJ1067795
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Constitutional Mandate for Free and Compulsory Education: New Light on the Intention of the "Founding Fathers"
Contemporary Education Dialogue, v12 n2 p208-237 Jul 2015
The original constitutional provision for free and compulsory education, granted under Article 45 stated that it was to be available for "all children until they complete the age of fourteen years", but it did not specify the lower age limit nor the stage of education (whether elementary or primary) that would be free and compulsory. This has led to much speculation about the "real intentions" of the founding fathers of the Constitution and even led to "policy framing" in support of various preferred strategies. However, this article, based on recent research that traces the genesis of this clause, shows that the pre-final text of what was adopted in the Constitution of India as Article 45 originated from four sister clauses that together represented the essence of the Sargent Plan of 1944, with the intention of making only the primary stage of education free and compulsory.
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Educational History, Age, Educational Legislation, Foreign Countries, Civil Rights, Comparative Analysis, Educational Planning, Access to Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A