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ERIC Number: EJ1067713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Test-Enhanced Learning versus Errorless Learning in Aphasia Rehabilitation: Testing Competing Psychological Principles
Middleton, Erica L.; Schwartz, Myrna F.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Garvey, Kelly
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n4 p1253-1261 Jul 2015
Because individuals with acquired language disorders are frequently unable to reliably access the names of common everyday objects (i.e., naming impairment), rehabilitation efforts often focus on improving naming. The present study compared 2 rehabilitation strategies for naming impairment, reflecting contradictory prescriptions derived from different theoretical principles. The prescription derived from psychological research on test-enhanced learning advocates providing patients opportunities to retrieve target names from long-term memory (i.e., "retrieval practice") in the course of treatment. In contrast, the errorless learning approach derived from cognitive rehabilitation research eschews retrieval practice in favor of methods that minimize naming errors, and thus the potential for error learning, in the course of treatment. The present study directly compared these approaches and showed that, despite superior (and errorless) performance during errorless treatment, treatment that prioritized retrieval practice produced greater retention 1-day and 1-week following treatment. These findings have implications for clinical practice, as well as theoretical accounts of lexical access and test-enhanced learning.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: RO1-DC000191; R03-DC012426